This document provides a non-exhaustive list of useful links to websites related to climate change issues.

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UNFCCC Resources

When opening the UNFCCC secretariat website (, you have direct access to the following sub-sections:


This document provides a non-exhaustive list of useful links to websites related to climate change issues.

Download this resource list in PDF (Adobe) Format

UNFCCC Resources

When opening the UNFCCC secretariat website (, you have direct access to the following sub-sections:

What's new includes all the latest additions to the UNFCCC website. It is located at

Basic background information includes a guide to the climate change negotiating process and a climate change information kit at

Texts of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol includes the Status of Signatories & Ratification, located at

UNFCCC official documents can be found through a specialised search screen located at Tips on how to quickly locate an official document are available on this webpage. Official documents are issued under a masthead bearing the UN and UNFCCC logos and have a unique UNFCCC document symbol. UNFCCC document symbols (for example, FCCC/CP/2001/6) begin with FCCC and include designators for the relevant Convention Body (e.g. "CP" for the COP, "SBI" or "SBSTA" for one of the subsidiary bodies, "SB" for documents prepared for both subsidiary bodies) and the year in which the document was prepared.

UNFCCC Official pre-session documents are available before a COP, SBSTA or SBI meeting, usually in all six official UN languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish). Post-session documents, normally the reports of a session, are also available in all six official UN languages. In-session documents are available only during meetings (CRPs, Ls, MISCs). L documents are normally translated. CRPs and MISCs are available only in the original language of issue. Decisions, recommendations and resolutions of the Conference of the Parties (COP) are contained in the second part of the COP reports. The first part of the report contains the report of the proceedings of the session.

Country information, including links to national communications, national focal points, in-depth reviews and national climate change websites, can be found at

Issues in the negotiating process, including information relating to implementation of the Convention; implementation of the Kyoto Protocol and; institutional issues, are located at

Webcasts of meetings, including a video archive of key meetings, press conferences of UNFCCC, delegations, NGOs, and selected side-events, are located at

Session, workshops and meeting information, including date and location; agenda and daily programme; contact information; documents and other information, are located at:

Calendar of submission deadlines, upcoming events and other information are located at

Press information, including the latest headlines covering climate change issues are located at

Secretariat information, including vacancies, fellowship programme, contact and other information, are located at

Library online, including access to the library catalogue and other sources of climate-change related information such as: glossaries, bookstores, journals, directories, search engines etc., is located at

Other UNFCCC website sub-sections

The Non-Annex I Implementation subprogramme is responsible for facilitating technical support and capacity building activities relevant to the implementation of the Convention by Non-Annex I Parties; supporting and following-up the negotiations of possible procedures to be used in preparing and considering national communications; and providing support on matters related to the operation of the financial mechanisms. Information is located at

Details on the Activities Implemented Jointly under the pilot phase (AIJ), including background information, contact information on Designated National Authorities for AIJ, a list of projects, a project search function, documents on methodological issues, the Uniform Reporting Format and National Programmes on AIJ, and UNFCCC documents relating to AIJ can be found at

The climate change Technology webpages include information and documents related to: the consultative process referred to in decision 4/CP.4, wrap up Bonn meeting of 7 June 2000, African Regional Workshop, Asia and Pacific Regional Workshop, Latin America and Caribbean Regional workshop, Submissions from Parties, and TT:CLEAR (UNFCCC prototype technology information clearing house), as well as Progress Reports, Technical paper on coastal adaptation technologies (FCCC/TP/1999/1), and an external link to a pilot project to develop additional webpages related to technology. Information is located at

Methodologies and Tools to Evaluate Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation . The decision 9/CP.3 requested the Convention secretariat "to work on the synthesis and dissemination of information on environmentally sound technologies and know-how conducive to mitigating, and adapting to, climate change; for example by accelerating the development of methodologies for adaptation technologies, in particular decision tools to evaluate alternative adaptation strategies". As a first step to understand the availability and current use of such decision tools, an initial compendium of decision tools to evaluate strategies for adaptation to climate change was made. A form for making submissions is also available on the site. Information is located at

Roster of Experts . The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), at its eleventh session (FCCC/SBSTA/1999/14, para. 108 (b)), noted that the various rosters of experts should respond to the evolving needs of the Convention bodies. Instructions for updating information and submitting new nominees are contained on the page entitled “Guidance to Parties: Updating of the UNFCCC roster of experts”. Technical instructions on how to submit the information electronically are given on the page including instructions for online nomination. It is located at:

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). This section of the UNFCCC website, which includes background information and details on the CDM institutions, description of project activity cycle in CDM, and an NGO Kiosk, is located at

Joint Calendar of Events relevant to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), is located at

Responding to Climate Change Calendar was first published on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This electronic version of the calendar complements the printed calendar that was produced for participants at the Seventh Conference of the Parties held in Marrakesh in 2001. This electronic calendar includes important dates in the climate change process and is available at

Global Environment Facility Resources

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the designated financial mechanism for international agreements on biodiversity, climate change, and persistent organic pollutant. It also supports the work of global agreements to combat desertification and project international waters and the ozone layer. GEF – the only new funding source to emerge from the Earth Summit – is a major force in promoting renewable energy technologies and the chief driver and catalyst among development agencies through its three implementing agencies: the UN Development Programme, the UN Environment Programme, and the World Bank. GEF's executing agencies are the UN Food and Agricultural Organization, the UN Industrial Development Organization, the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

The GEF – includes a collection of information on GEF climate change activities. Click on Outreach and Publications, then on Publications, for GEF thematic publications, working papers, and monitoring and evaluations reports on climate change. You can also click on Documents, then on Work Programs, to find the list of all GEF climate change projects organised by year. This site is of course linked to all other GEF implementing and executing agencies.


United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) – a trusted source of knowledge-based advice and an advocate of a more inclusive global economy – provides funds; helps developing countries attract and use aid effectively; and promotes South-South cooperation. It seeks to address the many causes of poverty and to promote development, and includes Energy and Environment as part of its strategic focus (see ). For the period between 1965 and 2000, the UNDP's Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Portfolio reached a total of US$ 1,651 million. Climate change work is undertaken both through the UNDP's participation with the Global Environment Facility (GEF), and the UNDP work on Sustainable Energy.

The UNDP-GEF website ( ) highlights the US$ 669 million portfolio of GEF climate change projects between 1991 and 2000. The website provides project titles, descriptions and allocations presented both by region and project type. Also provided are GEF operational policies, references, tools, and UNDP-GEF's corporate programmes. UNDP-GEF's corporate programmes include the following:

UNDP GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) was established in 1992. It provides financial and technical support to projects in developing countries that conserve and restore the natural world while enhancing well-being and livelihoods, and demonstrates that community action can maintain the fine balance between human needs and environmental imperatives. SGP links global, national and local-level issues through a transparent, participatory and country-driven approach to project planning, design and implementation. Additional information, including contacts, can be accessed at .

UNDP GEF Country Dialogue Workshop Programme (CDW) . The CDW is one of the major components of the new GEF outreach and communications strategy. It focuses on fostering an ongoing two-way dialogue between the GEF and member countries, and seeks to strengthen the grassroots character of GEF's work.

UNDP GEF National Communications Support Programme (NCSP) . The NCSP was launched by UNDP and UNEP, in co-operation with the Secretariat of UNFCCC, and works with over 130 participating countries from around the world to provide technical support to enhance the capacity of non-Annex I parties to prepare their initial National Communications. The NCSP website ( ) provides information on training materials, publications, models and data, COP decisions, GEF documents, phase II enabling activities, contacts, and links to several national, regional and governmental websites on climate change.


The UNDP's Energy and Atmosphere Programme (EAP) was created in 1994 with the objective of focusing UNDP supported activities in the field of energy, linking energy and environment, and energy and socio-economic development, as well as looking at how energy and atmospheric pollution issues relate. It was recognised that energy is essential to achieve development goals focusing on poverty elimination. UNDP's Energy for Sustainable Development Group, which started in 1997, focuses on support for energy programme development, fundraising and strategic initiatives showing energy linkages with sustainable human development (SHD). The website hosts information on the concept of sustainable energy; an overview of UNDP's contribution to climate change policies, including the Clean Development Mechanism and UNDP's task force on climate change; UNDP's sustainable energy projects; recent events; contact information; and publications, including summaries, ordering information and downloads (for a list of available documents, see

United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Envrionment Programme (UNEP) provides a range of Web-based climate change information. The UNEP.Net climate change portal is the authoritative source of climate change information used by UNEP and its partners for integrated environment assessments as part of the Global Environmental Outlook (GEO) process – see . UNEP's projects and involvement with the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) are described at . Its energy and technology transfer activities are presented at (with translations into French and Spanish). Public information products – including a kit containing 30 fact sheets on the science and politics of climate change plus a Beginner's Guide to the Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol – are posted at . Vital Climate Graphics on impacts and on emissions trends are posted at . Further information and links are available at UNEP's homepage, . In addition, UNEP launched and now hosts the website of the UNEP/WMO Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), at . This website contains the full text and graphics for the four climate change 2001 reports by the IPCC's Working Groups.


United Nations Industrial Development Organization

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has been providing industrial energy and environment information since the early 1980s, being one of the first UN agencies to make extensive use of the World Wide Web, originally posting the Environmental Awareness Bulletin that ran for over five years. Subsequently, UNIDO initiated the 'Energy and Environment' webpages, now available at that includes technical information on a range of industrial sectors covering cleaner production and energy efficiency. More recently, with the advent of UNIDO's more extensive involvement in the Climate Convention webpages on the Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism were established to present the results of the work on industry and the CDM. The starting point for this information is . However, as this information grew, as a result of the increase in network partners and project activities, the information was moved into a new Web-based search engine known as KNITT . Some background on the application and some hints on searching can be found by clicking on the “help” icon, on the KNITT homepage.


The World Bank

Climate Change has emerged as a key concern for the World Bank and its clients in the 21st century. Sea level rise, warming temperatures, uncertain effects on forest and agricultural systems, and increased variability and volatility in weather patterns are expected to have a significant and disproportionate impact in the developing world, where the world's poor remain most susceptible to the potential damages and uncertainties inherent in a changing climate. The Bank seeks to help the developing world benefit from the enormous investments required by the developed countries to combat this global problem – by incorporating these considerations into its development operations, advising clients on options, helping promote sectoral efficiency and clean energy alternatives and assisting its clients in adapting to foreseeable impacts while seeking globally equitable responses to the challenge.

The Climate Change Team within the Bank's Environment Department coordinates the strategic and projects-based dialogue on climate change issues within the Bank and provides technical support to the World Bank–GEF Program. Further information on key themes (mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation), instruments (GEF, PCF and NSS), and publications and other resources can be found at .

The World Bank and the Global Environment Facility ( ) have worked together over the last decade on the development and implementation of over 100 GHG mitigation projects in energy efficiency and renewable energy, mobilising over $5 billion in total funding. This work has been instrumental in opening up new prospects for energy efficiency, distributed supply, and off-grid service delivery, especially in remote rural areas. It has also generated key lessons of experience; namely that policy reforms are essential for mobilising private capital, fostering competition, and promoting alternative approaches to energy service, and that many cost effective options for reducing GHG emissions in developing countries also have substantial economic and local environmental benefits.

The National Strategy Studies Program at the World Bank ( ) is a collaborative effort whose initial part was launched in 1997 between the Government of Switzerland and the World Bank. Its objective is to provide a capacity building assistance to the JI/CDM host countries regarding the application of the Kyoto Protocol flexible mechanisms that promote trade of greenhouse gas emission reductions. With Germany, Australia, Finland and Canada joining donor support, the NSS Program targets nearly 30 of the Bank's client countries and promotes the integration of global climate change issues into their sustainable development. ...

Prototype Carbon Fund - Recognising that global warming will have the greatest impact on its borrowing client countries, on July 20th, 1999 the Executive Directors of the World Bank approved the establishment of the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF). The PCF, with the operational objective of mitigating climate change, will support projects designed to produce emission reductions fully consistent with the emerging Kyoto Protocol rules. Funded under a public-private partnership with companies and governments, the PCF will develop high-quality emission reduction projects, and build and share the experience developed on investment decisions, baseline determinations, and monitoring and evaluation. (See: ).

CDM Assist - The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM, Art. 12 Kyoto Protocol) allows developing countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases and sell the related reductions to OECD countries at a market price while benefiting from local environmental improvements, technology transfer and the generation of foreign income. CDM has entered into a stage of early implementation, but there is an overall lack of regional balance with respect to the involvement of African countries in preparing for the CDM. CDM Assist ( ) will enhance Africa's ability to attract CDM projects and build capacity in Africa to develop and manage such projects.

The Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) is a global technical assistance program sponsored by the World Bank and UNDP and managed by the World Bank. ESMAP focuses on the role of energy in economic development with the objective of contributing to poverty alleviation and economic development, improving living conditions, and preserving the environment in developing countries and economies in transition. Further information on themes related to climate change can be found at


Other UN organisations

  • CBD Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity: Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • CCD Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  • CITES Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora:
  • FAO Sustainable Development Dimensions: (with French and Spanish translations)
  • MP Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol Montreal, Quebec, Canada:
  • SIDS Small Islands Developing States Unit, New York, NY, USA:
  • UN World Summit on Sustainable Development (UN official website):
  • UNCCD Secretariat of the Convention to Combat Desertification, Bonn, Germany:
  • UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), Paris, France:
  • UNISDR United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Relief:
  • UNU United Nations University, Global Environment Information Centre, Tokyo, Japan:
  • UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research:
  • WCCMS Secretariat to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Bonn, Germany:
  • WHO World Health Organization:
  • WMO Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), Geneva, Switzerland:

Some Non Annex 1 countries' climate change websites

Some Annex 1 countries' climate change websites

Research networks / NGOs' climate change websites

Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change :

Centre for Climate and Global Change Research (Canada), McGill University, Montreal:

Cicero: Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo:

Climate Action Network: Climate Ark allows full text searches of other climate change websites: A MOST USEFUL SITE! The Climate Ark is integrating and making more accessible the best-reviewed climate change and renewable energy news and information on the Internet. The website is dedicated to promoting public policy that addresses global climate change through reductions in carbon dioxide and other emissions, energy conservation, renewable energy sources and ending deforestation. Climate Ark's search engine makes the entire content of the linked sites fully searchable – over 100,000 URLs. The Climate Ark also features extensive links to current climate change news that are updated several times daily, a massive archive of non-permanent climate change news (currently approximately 10,500 items over past 3 years, provided for educational purposes), a collection of over 500 climate change and renewable energy links, opportunities to take action, and a discussion forum.

Climate Change and Human Health Homepage (USA):

Climate Change Campaign WWF:

Climate Change World Resource Institute (USA):

Climate Institute (USA):

Coastal Zone Management Centre (NL):

Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands:

Environmental Defense (USA):

ENDA - Environnement et Développement du Tiers Monde Energie Programme (Senegal):

Fragilecologies , website created the Environment & Societal Impact Group (ESIG) of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder Colorado (USA), a public service to those interested in climate-society-environment interactions:

Eco-Portal search engine that allows users to search the entire content of thousands of environmental Internet sites:

Ecosustainable Hub is a comprehensive one-stop web connection to resources and tools on the environment and sustainability:

Forest Conservation Portal provides a vast range of rainforest, forest and biodiversity conservation news and information:

Global Climate Change Information Programme, Manchester Metropolitan University (UK):

Global Warming International Center: Mississippi State University (USA):

Greenpeace International: (archives) and ( regularly updated )

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research (UK):

Helio International Sustainable Energy Watch:

International Institute for Sustainable Development (CAN):

International Union for the Conservation of Nature: Sponsored by the UK Department for International Development and the Institute for Development Studies, University of Sussex.

Natural Resources Defense Council, (USA):

Pew Center on Global Climate Change (USA):

RIVM, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (NL):

Sierra Club Global Warming and Energy Program (USA):

South Pacific Regional Envrionmental Programme:

Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm office: and Boston office: . SEI leads the development of an international vulnerability network through .

TERI (India):

Tiempo: Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, UK – The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary is an electronic information service covering global warming, climate change, sea-level rise and related issues:

The Ultimate Heating Season, University of Wisconsin (USA):

UK Climate Impact Programme:

World Climate Report:

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (Germany):

Scientific Glossaries

Acronyms related to science and government , Free University of Berlin, Germany (More than 12,000 entries):

Climate Change Glossary produced by the Cooler Heads Coalition formed May 6, 1997 to dispel the myths of global warming by exposing flawed economic, scientific, and risk analysis:

Climate Change Glossary produced by the Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI):

Climate Change Resource Glossary produced by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), US Government:

Glossary of Atmospheric Chemistry Terms , provided by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the Environment Division Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry, lists scientific terms in alphabetical order, together with explanations. Documents can be downloaded at:

Glossary of Climate Change Terms provided by the Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas (CSDA). Terminology used in the international climate change regime are defined with the source of each these definitions:

Glossary of International Climate Policy Terms, International Climate Policy Research Programme, Hamburg Institute of International Economics, Neuer Jungfernstieg 21,20347 Hamburg, Germany:

Glossary of Terms Related to the Convention on Biological Diversity :

ISO Country Codes (English & French) DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V., 10772 Berlin: