According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, there are 24 million young migrants (age group 15-24) globally. Despite their numerical significance and the effort to make migration an integral component of poverty reduction strategies, young migrants often remain underrepresented in international migration policy and debate, reducing de facto their potential contributions to social and economic development. Among other challenges youth migrants face, health constitutes a particular area that must be addressed in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
Several studies demonstrate how overtime migrants in host societies, after an initial period of general improvement to their health condition known as “migrant health effect”, become more vulnerable to a vast array of health risks including inter alia reproductive health related issues, psycho-social affects particular to their age, sexually transmitted diseases, substance abuse and eating disorders. These risks are often exacerbated by poverty, social exclusion and limited access to social security benefits.
Recognizing these shortcomings, this briefing, set in the context of the International Year of Youth (August 2010-August 2011) and the outcome of the 2010 World Youth Conference (Guanajuato Declaration), will shed light on the data gaps concerning migrant youth and assess the relevant health risks for this specific category of migrants. Further, it will evaluate the progress and setbacks at the international, national and local level in promoting coordinated migrant health policies and programmes aimed at pursuing the highest attainable level of physical and mental health of youth migrants.
Information Note (English)
Knowledge Tool: Local Authorithies, Migration and Youth (working paper)
Ms. Yvonne Lodico, United Nations Institute for Training and Research, UNITAR
Ms. Ann Pawliczko, United Nations Population Fund, UNFPA
The UN International Year of Youth: World Youth Conference and the Relevance of the Guanajauto Declaration
H.E. Mr. Claude Heller, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the UN
Migrant Youth: Assessing Health Risks and Migration Trends
Mr. Pablo Lattes, Population Division, DESA
Mr. Werner Obermeyer, World Health Organization, WHO
Institutional Framework and Multilateral Cooperation: Identifying Achievements and Protection Gaps
Mr. Alejandro Morlachetti, University of Lanús, Argentina
Ms. Paola Pace, International Organization for Migration, IOM
Proclamation of the United Nations International Year of Youth, Resolution A/RES/64/134
2010 World Youth Conference: Guanajuato declaration
Contact: Mr. Pierpaolo Capalbo