UNITAR’S OPERATIONAL SATELLITE APPLICATIONS PROGRAMME - UNOSAT
UNOSAT is a technology-intensive programme delivering imagery analysis and satellite solutions to relief and development organisations within and outside the UN system to help make a difference in critical areas such as humanitarian relief, human security, strategic territorial and development planning. UNOSAT develops applied research solutions keeping in sight the needs of the beneficiaries at the end of the process.
The 50 day long conflict that took place in the Gaza Strip over the summer had devastating consequences including destruction of a large number infrastructures. In support to the humanitarian operations and in view of the recovery efforts UNITAR’s Operational Satellite Applications Programme – UNOSAT - has assessed damages using commercial very high-resolution satellite imagery. The analyses, part of UNOSAT Rapid Mapping activities, commenced on 24 July 2014, as combat was ongoing, and concluded on 24 September 2014, resulting in damage assessments at multiple time intervals focusing on various infrastructure types such as residential and industrial buildings, health and educational facilities, roads, and agricultural areas.
The review of the 367 square kilometers of the Gaza Strip showed a total of 6,761 destroyed, 3,565 severely damaged and 4,938 moderately damaged structures. In addition 7,473 craters in agricultural and non-urbanized areas are also visible in the crisis images. The findings are presented in this report in view to inform stakeholders involved in the response to the crisis.