Trafficking in persons is a violation against human rights. It involves the act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving a person through the use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploitation.
Virtually every country in the world is affected by trafficking for sexual exploitation or forced labour as a country of origin, transit or destination. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their home countries and abroad.
While estimates of the number of persons trafficked vary, ILO research from 2012 indicates that an estimated 20.9 million persons, around 3 out of every 1,000 people globally, are subjected to forced labour. Even this staggering figure is largely considered a conservative estimate given the clandestine nature of the crime, and the strict methodology applied. The Asia-Pacific region records by far the highest rates of human trafficking in the world. The same ILO report as mentioned above, estimates that some 11.7 million people from the region are in conditions of forced labour at any given point in time. UNODC’s 2012 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons demonstrated that, while human trafficking is truly a global phenomenon, it most commonly occurs intra-regionally, with each region and sub-region experiencing unique and geographically-characterized patterns for origins and destinations.
CIFAL Jeju focuses on the key thematic area of human security. Trafficking in persons impacts on the capability of human beings to drive their own lives and decide on their future. It is a crime which supports exploitation. Therefore it has a direct impact on human security. Various regional efforts are being made to combat the trafficking industry.
CIFAL in affiliation with UNITAR has become a knowledge hub and platform for promoting city-to-city cooperation. Through this approach, CIFAL directs its capacity building efforts towards local actors. Cities in the Asia-Pacific region can substantially improve the situation by focusing and sharing experiences on the prevention of trafficking, prosecution of traffickers and the protection and reintegration of victims of trafficking. Local authorities (stakeholders) are often well placed for taking action because they are close to the communities.
The Republic of Korea is a member of the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (Bali Process). Since 2002, the Bali Process has effectively raised regional awareness of the consequences of people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related transnational crime, and developed and implemented strategies and practical cooperation in response. This voluntary forum includes 45 participating countries, as well as IOM, UNHCR and UNODC. The core objectives of the Bali Process are to combat people smuggling and trafficking in persons by developing more effective cooperation and information sharing between Bali Process members and other relevant organizations; to raise public awareness and educate those susceptible to people smuggling and trafficking in persons; to build capacity across Member States and facilitate the sharing and implementation of best practices; and to advance the facilitation of the 2011 Bali Process Regional Cooperation Framework as a means of adopting a comprehensive and holistic approach towards combating people smuggling and trafficking in persons.
The Regional Support Office of the Bali Process(RSO) has been established to facilitate the operationalization of th Bali Process' Regional Cooperation Framework (RCF) to reduce irregular migration in the Asia and Pacific region.
At the end of the workshop, participants will:
- Increase their understanding of basic concepts related to trafficking in persons;
- Differentiate between human trafficking and human smuggling, forced labour and other related terms;
- Increase knowledge on human security policies, especially those designed for women and children, in the region;
- Identify and recognize best practices and lessons learned to prevent human trafficking and, as well as to identify policy measures for enhancing human security at the local level;
- Identify key challenges and recognize best practices and lessons learnt to ensure the protection of trafficking victims;
- Apply UNITAR's CityShare methodology to rate and compare each other’s anti-human trafficking policies, and develop specific action plans for local implementation.
The workshop contents are composed of the following:
- Introduction to Human Security
- Regional Trends on Human Trafficking and Regional Responses
- The Interface of Human Trafficking with Refugee Protection
- Prevention including Awareness-Raising, Information Campaigns and Addressing Root Causes
- Identification, Referral, Protection, Assistance and solutions for Victims of Trafficking
- Prosecution of Traffickers and Inter-Agency/Governmental Cooperation to Combat Trafficking
- Good practices and country cases of national/local governments in Asia-Pacific region to identify, protect and provide solutions to victims of trafficking as per identified needs
- Exercises to formulate check-list and programs for victims of trafficking, and create referral networks at local level
- Exercises on Advocacy on the Importance of Local Action: Programming and Budgeting
The workshop's methodology includes:
- Keynote presentations, participatory discussions, and exercises;
- Case Studies from national/local governments and group analysis;
- Analysis of tools developed and used in the field of human trafficking;
- UNITAR CityShare methodology
High-level authorities and experts from local authorities, representatives from NGO and community-based organizations, journalists, academic institutions, and other local actors within the Asia-Pacific region