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The Course strives to promote knowledge and understanding of Financial Globalization which is understood as the integration of a country’s financial system with international financial markets and institutions.
Public debt management is the process of establishing and executing a strategy for managing a governments' debt in order to raise the required amount of funding, achieve its risk and cost objectives, and to meet any other debt management goals that a government may have set, such as developing and maintaining an efficient market for government securities.
Nowadays, as a result of the globalisation process, individuals and organizations constantly need to be engaged in developing their cross-cultural competences in order to operate effectively in a multilateral setting and avoid barriers, misunderstandings and prejudices in negotiation and mediation processes.
The United Nations and its related bodies, agencies and programmes convene thousands of formal and informal, official and unofficial, meetings and conferences each year. The Secretary-General meets with Heads of States and Governments and Ministers on an on-going basis either at Headquarters or during his travels.
Africa, along with Asia, is the epicenter of global urbanization. It is undergoing a rapid urban transition and is set to be the fastest urbanizing region in the coming decades. In 1990 only a third of Africa’s population was urban (31 per cent)—by 2035, the figure is projected to reach 49 per cent.
L’Afrique, tout comme l’Asie, est l’épicentre de l’urbanisation mondiale. Elle connait une transition urbaine à grande vitesse et sera vraisemblablement la région avec la plus rapide urbanisation dans les décennies à venir. En 1990, seul un tiers de la population africaine était urbanisée (31%). A l’horizon 2035, ce pourcentage devrait atteindre 49%.
According to the UN Secretary-General’s 2014 Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict, 7 national armies and 50 armed groups operating in 14 countries recruit and use child soldiers. These children and youths are viewed as cheap and expendable labour and are easy to manipulate and control by commanders.
Public diplomacy, and its sister concept, soft power, dominate much of the current academic debate about 21st century diplomacy. A major challenge for governments is how to develop effective public diplomacy, and optimize the use of their soft power, in a rapidly changing global environment.
Los gobiernos nacionales juegan un papel fundamental en el proceso de incorporación del consumo y la producción sostenibles (CPS) en las políticas nacionales, lo cual es clave para alcanzar el desarrollo sostenible.
En 2015, les Nations Unies ont adopté les Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODDs), pressant la communauté internationale à réduire la pauvreté et à accroitre la santé et le bien être de tous les peuples.