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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of 21st century diplomacy and international governance. Given the many different stakeholders and communities who have roles to play, it is a contemporary challenge with regard to its demand on interdisciplinary knowledge, skills and languages, and the personal capacities needed to combine these so as to make diplomatic sense and success.
Good governance is becoming an increasingly important issue in international development for donors, practitioners and policy makers. There is an increasing demand on behalf of the world’s poor and dispossessed for greater transparency, accountability, and better governance in international development.
This course on the Fundamentals of Risk Management is designed to present the content and the tools of modern financial risk assessment and management. It aims at satisfying the needs for credit risk training especially in developing countries and emerging markets, some of which have experienced or have been affected by several financial crises during the last two decades.
This advanced course builds on the basic course on Capital Market Development & Regulation and will provide practical insight into the entire spectrum of activities that relate to the buying and selling of financial instruments.
Public procurement is the acquisition of goods, services, and works by a public “authority” or “body”. Transactions of this nature are public undertakings and, therefore, they are governed by Civil, Community, or International Law. Constituting one of the main expenditures of government in developing countries, the importance of public procurement cannot be denied.
According to the UN Secretary-General’s 2014 Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict, 7 national armies and 50 armed groups operating in 14 countries recruit and use child soldiers. These children and youths are viewed as cheap and expendable labour and are easy to manipulate and control by commanders.
The divergence of views on privacy regulation leads to a lot of complications in the international marketplace, especially when one considers that the volume of personally identifiable information that is exchanged online, a medium that knows no borders. Companies that require personally identifiable information are often left confused about what privacy laws are applicable to them.
With the FATF revised recommendations in 2012, requirements to combat money laundering and terrorist financing have been specifically strengthened in areas with higher risks or where implementation could be enhanced. Financial institutions and other designated sectors are required to adopt a risk-based approach to apply their resources to higher risk areas.
Leaders, rather than providing a solution, create opportunities for people to come together and generate their own answers. Leaders should not only bring people together and encourage creative participation, but should help people to find opportunities when faced with uncertainty, chaos, and emergence. Working together to solve problems, even when values are shared, can be a difficult process.
Los marcos de planificación del uso del suelo se han enfocado tradicionalmente en desarrollar asentamientos e infraestructuras conexas sin prestar gran atención a la conservación de la biodiversidad y la adaptación climática.