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This course on the Fundamentals of Risk Management is designed to present the content and the tools of modern financial risk assessment and management. It aims at satisfying the needs for credit risk training especially in developing countries and emerging markets, some of which have experienced or have been affected by several financial crises during the last two decades.
This advanced course builds on the basic course on Capital Market Development & Regulation and will provide practical insight into the entire spectrum of activities that relate to the buying and selling of financial instruments.
Culture is a powerful factor in shaping how people think, communicate and behave. It therefore affects how they negotiate. Taking participants from the simple to the complex, this compact and practical course will look at the cultural dimension of negotiation.
Prior to the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations, which were concluded in December 1993, multilateral trade negotiations were seen as a preserve of the developed countries and the developing countries have only a marginal role to play in the negotiation process; they were primarily the recipients of preferential market access and other special differential treatment.
The economies of different countries are organised in different combinations of what economic literature classifies as traditional economic systems, command systems and free market systems.
This course serves as an introduction to money creation. One of the great mysteries and elegant features of the financial system in general, and of the banking sector in particular, is the creation of new money. The largest component of the money stock, bank deposits, is literally created by accounting entries.
To achieve sustainable development, national actors in Africa need to incorporate sustainable consumption and production (SCP) into national policies and planning.
The recent liquidity crises has placed a spot light and greater scrutiny on short-term inter-bank lending operations, which to a large extent involve money market operations. The debt market, made up of the money market and the bond market, is an important element of the financial system.
Pour parvenir à un développement durable, les acteurs nationaux en Afrique doivent incorporer une consommation et la production durables (CPD) au sein de la politique nationale.
Almost every country in the world holds foreign currency reserves or “FX reserves”, which are assets of the central bank held in different reserve currencies, most commonly the US Dollar, used to back its liabilities. Foreign exchange reserves held by the Central Bank are a major national asset and a primary tool of monetary and exchange rate policy.