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L’Afrique, tout comme l’Asie, est l’épicentre de l’urbanisation mondiale. Elle connait une transition urbaine à grande vitesse et sera vraisemblablement la région avec la plus rapide urbanisation dans les décennies à venir. En 1990, seul un tiers de la population africaine était urbanisée (31%). A l’horizon 2035, ce pourcentage devrait atteindre 49%.
Africa, along with Asia, is the epicenter of global urbanization. It is undergoing a rapid urban transition and is set to be the fastest urbanizing region in the coming decades. In 1990 only a third of Africa’s population was urban (31 per cent)—by 2035, the figure is projected to reach 49 per cent.
Public diplomacy, and its sister concept, soft power, dominate much of the current academic debate about 21st century diplomacy. A major challenge for governments is how to develop effective public diplomacy, and optimize the use of their soft power, in a rapidly changing global environment.
Assisting developing countries in implementing current trade agreements and in preparing for trade negotiations is a core activity of FAO. Support to the implementation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Uruguay Round Agreements and to the negotiations on agriculture under the Doha Round have been prominent activities in this area.
The recent liquidity crises has placed a spot light and greater scrutiny on short-term inter-bank lending operations, which to a large extent involve money market operations. The debt market, made up of the money market and the bond market, is an important element of the financial system.
National governments play a fundamental role in the process of incorporating sustainable consumption and production (SCP) into national policies, which is key for achieving sustainable development.
Los gobiernos nacionales juegan un papel fundamental en el proceso de incorporación del consumo y la producción sostenibles (CPS) en las políticas nacionales, lo cual es clave para alcanzar el desarrollo sostenible.
The equity market is a prominent member of the capital market and encapsulates the mechanisms and conventions that exist for the issuance of, investing in, and the trading of marketable equity instruments that represent the permanent or semi-permanent capital of the issuers (companies). The equity market plays a significant role in the economy.