All events in
La réforme du secteur de la sécurité (RSS) est un processus dont chaque pays doit avoir la maîtrise, ayant pour but d’assurer que les acteurs de la sécurité et de la justice rendent des comptes à l’Etat et à la population; qu’ils délivrent des services de sécurité et de justice efficaces, efficients et accessibles, qui répondent aux besoins des personnes; qu’ils opèrent dans un cadre de bonne g
Selon la Banque mondiale, plus de 1,5 milliard de personnes vivent dans des pays touchés par la violence répétée. Irréfutablement, la nécessité d'une protection physique directe des civils contre la violence imminente n'a jamais été aussi présente qu’elle ne l’est aujourd’hui.
La série du conflit est une série de cours ouverts, pris à votre rythme, qui vous donneront une introduction aux études du conflit et aux cours de conflictologie plus avances.
Over 20% of the world’s population currently lives in conflict affected areas and fragile states. In many of these places, natural resources and their governance play a key negative role in both the conflict and the fragility. In fact, since 1990 at least 18 violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources.
Conflict resolution is the set of methods and approaches used to facilitate the peaceful de-escalation and termination of a conflict. Defined broadly, it may include democratisation or even development. Indeed, political participation through democratic processes may be a method to avoid conflict in the first place or at least to ensure the fair treatment of the causes of the conflict.
Human security first appeared as a post-Cold War attempt to transform the traditional understanding of security – which was framed in terms of the security of the territory from external military aggression and of the protection of national interests in foreign policy.
According to the World Bank, more than 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by repeated violence. In absolute terms, the need for direct physical protection of civilians against imminent violence has never been greater than it is today. Local and international actors are struggling to protect all those under direct threat, wherever conflict occurs.
Peacekeeping is one of the many tools employed by the United Nations and other international organizations to help address diverse threats to international peace and security. Since its inception, peacekeeping has contributed to preventing and managing violent conflict between and within states and to the support of national actors in protecting and building peace after conflict.
Conflicts and wars have been recurrent throughout history. In 2010, over 300 conflicts have affected the lives of millions of individuals around the world. Despite their different occurrences, conflicts have common characteristics and working mechanisms. Only by analyzing the causes, actors and specific dynamics, conflicts can be efficiently mediated.