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Since the beginning of the millennium the most important International Organizations, from the UN to the OSCE, passing through the EU, have included in their political and normative agenda the phenomenon of violent radicalization, because they understand that it is one of the great challenges to contemporary security, both for the so-called international community and for internal societies.
According to the UN Secretary-General’s 2014 Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict, 7 national armies and 50 armed groups operating in 14 countries recruit and use child soldiers. These children and youths are viewed as cheap and expendable labour and are easy to manipulate and control by commanders.
Adopted by 193 countries in 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a momentous global call to action addressing issues such as poverty, climate change and gender inequality.
Nature gave the human species a brain, which is one of the most sophisticated structures in the universe, but did not give the manual with instructions to use it. Cognitive Neuroscience with its research is showing its characteristics and the usefulness of knowing them.
This course aims to provide a global view of the challenges that problems such as immigration, jihadist-oriented international terrorism, or the rise of violent radicalization pose to the countries of southern Europe and North Africa located around the geopolitical subregion of the Western Mediterranean.
The SDGs were agreed in September 2015 by the Heads of State in the United Nations Assembly and so far, there are many forums, summits and international meetings that have supported them and that are aligning their policies and priorities with them; the last one, the Kuala Lumpur World Urban Forum (WUF9) in February 2018.
Three years into the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and with the first cycle of reviews coming to a close in 2019, it is imperative to review not only progress towards the Goals and Targets, but also the availability of data beyond official indicators, the development of monitoring and evaluation capacities of National Statistical Commissions as well as international and civil society organi