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This course serves as an introduction to central banking and monetary policy. We, the public, accept as money (M): notes and coins (N&C) and bank deposits (BD). In other words we accept N&C and BD as the means of payments / medium of exchange.
As it is, 'negotiation' is a complex set of interactions between parties or individuals. Add to it the dimension of 'conflict', and we find ourselves on very slippery terrain. This online course is a primer on negotiating for conflict and dispute resolution. It aims at providing participants with the fundamental understanding and tools for complex negotiations under conflict situations.
Culture defines and shapes who we are. Even though culture was neglected in the MDGs’ context, it is hard to discuss about SDGs without recognizing the role of culture. Jeju was selected as 2016 East Asia City of Culture, along with Ningbo, China and Nara, Japan. This project aims to develop mutual understanding and build solidarity between these countries in the East Asian region.
Transparency in public finance is a constant preoccupation of modern administrations and citizenries, as the publicity of public expenditure and borrowing, the uniformisation of national accounts, citizen participation in government decisionmaking, and the introduction of various forms of control of government activity have become the rule rather than the exception in all geographies.
The value of this course is not only to provide information, skills and guidance to delegates who may be appointed or elected to chair meetings, it is also important for all delegates to understand what the chairman is doing, and why he or she is doing it. Indeed, unless delegates want the conference to fail, they should support the chairman’s efforts.
A capital market is a market for securities (debt or equity), where governments and business enterprises (companies) can raise long-term funds. It is defined as a market in which money is provided for periods longer than a year, as the raising of short-term funds takes place on other markets (e.g., the money market).
In a time when contracts and loan agreements awarded by government and commercial entities are increasingly complex and involve sophisticated understanding, a firm understanding of contract administration and management and the necessary tools is vital to success. Financial markets are changing continually and new borrowing instruments are being developed.
There are many fields (e.g. education, health, postal services) where the working of market, focusing on profitability, can not serve a broader view-of public interest, and the Government (State) has to act as a problem-solver through subsidization or nationalization.
Columbia Law School and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) are pleased to announce the third series of workshops on Con ict Resolution, Mediation and Negotiation.