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The recent global economic and financial crisis has once again revealed to us the crucial importance of understanding the intricacies of risk analysis and risk management applied to finance.
The Course is meant to make students acquainted with the main issues of the new approaches to and techniques of the governance of public finance. The traditional model of public finance was based on established structures of government, and the sole responsibility for an efficient management of public finances was political. This means any mismanagement of public finances (e. g.
The divergence of views on privacy regulation leads to a lot of complications in the international marketplace, especially when one considers that the volume of personally identifiable information that is exchanged online, a medium that knows no borders. Companies that require personally identifiable information are often left confused about what privacy laws are applicable to them.
Developing countries often presume, for a variety of reasons, that they have limited or no capacity to influence the outcome of negotiations of a loan agreement with an international lender. They often feel that international lenders generally do not subscribe to the viewpoint of borrowers or amend the clauses of the loan agreements. This is a serious misconception.
This course is designed for officials and other participants who are interested in learning more about the structuring and negotiating of financial transactions between developing/emerging countries and their external sources of funds.
The area of Diplomatic Etiquette and Protocol can be intimidating and difficult to grasp without specialised background knowledge and experience. As staff of a major international organisation, you may be called upon to organise and make arrangements for events, conferences and meetings, whether they be formal or informal, official or unofficial.
Water is essential for life and for sustainable development, and well-managed water services contribute to poverty reduction, economic growth and environmental sustainability. Increasing human population, the impacts of climate change and unsustainable growth all place pressures on water demand, water quality and water availability.
Tourism is certainly the largest and fastest-growing industry in the world. Today, tourism accounts for 10 per cent of the global GDP, creating 1 in every 11 jobs in the world. Every year, millions of tourists flock to various tourist attractions such as historical sites, museums and coastlines, bringing income and jobs to local economies.
Chemical hazards’ classification and communication systems are key elements of the sound management of chemicals. To harmonise these systems worldwide, the United Nations adopted, in 2003, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The GHS is an important tool for countries to develop or modify national programmes and to facilitate trade.
This UNITAR online course on international intellectual property law is a foundation course developed to provide participants with an introduction to the increasingly important area of intellectual property law.