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Good governance is becoming an increasingly important issue in international development for donors, practitioners and policy makers. There is an increasing demand on behalf of the world’s poor and dispossessed for greater transparency, accountability, and better governance in international development.
A lo largo de los 20 últimos años, los desastres han afectado a 4.4 mil millones de personas, costando un total de 2 billones de dólares de perjuicios y 1.3 millones de muertes. Los desastres han afectado a las personas que viven en países en desarrollo y en particular a las comunidades más vulnerables de esos países.
According to the World Bank, there are more than 500 million economically active poor individuals in the world operating microenterprises and small businesses, and most of them do not have access to financial services. One of the ways by which their demand for financial services has been met is through the provisions of microcredit.
Many governments face the triple challenge of reducing environmental risks, while fostering economic growth and reducing poverty. Green fiscal reform (GFR) as a policy approach can improve fiscal consolidation, spur innovation, and help identify smarter ways for government taxation and spending.
Human security first appeared as a post-Cold War attempt to transform the traditional understanding of security – which was framed in terms of the security of the territory from external military aggression and of the protection of national interests in foreign policy.
Chemical hazards’ classification and communication systems are key elements of the sound management of chemicals. To harmonise these systems worldwide, the United Nations adopted, in 2003, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The GHS is an important tool for countries to develop or modify national programmes and to facilitate trade.
This advanced course builds on the basic course on Capital Market Development & Regulation and will provide practical insight into the entire spectrum of activities that relate to the buying and selling of financial instruments.
The rapid and often unplanned and uncoordinated growth of cities has seriously compromised existing transportation systems and significantly increased the challenge of creating new transportation systems, especially in developing countries.
La série du conflit est une série de cours ouverts, pris à votre rythme, qui vous donneront une introduction aux études du conflit et aux cours de conflictologie plus avances.