The Republic of Guinea Initiates its National Adaptation Plan Process
05 May 2016, Conakry, Republic of Guinea - The Principal Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Guinea, Dr. Souleymane Camara, chaired the launch of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in the Republic of Guinea on the 3rd May, remarking how “the NAP is a national process that can facilitate the access to the financial flows necessary to adapt to climate change, especially for the most vulnerable countries".
In the opening speech Mr. Mamadou Cire, UNDP Guinea representative, expressed his gratitude to the government for the strong partnership during the preparation of National Communications on Climate Change, National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) and the programs for control of desertification and biodiversity conservation. He pointed out how 2015 was "a year of records", especially in terms of Green House Gases (GHG) concentration, raising temperature, climate extremes with million victims, and material loss and damage.
Along the same line, Mr. Youla, National Expert on climate change at UNDP Guinea, pointed out to the climate change vulnerabilities of the country. In particular, with an increase of projected temperature of 5°C by 2100 in Upper and Middle Guinea and 4°C in the Forestry Guinea and Lower Guinea, the flow of Niger river is expected to be reduced by 30%, with consequential 10% loss of yield and 17% loss of arable land. In June 2015, a storm with a wind speed of 115 km/h hit Guinea, and 2015 was the 2nd most raining year since 1912. He informed that initiatives to build communities’ resilience to climate change are underway, but they need to be further strengthened.
This launching ceremony was followed by a three-day training workshop, organized and facilitated by UNITAR with support from the LDCF-GEF funded UNDP-UNEP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP). The training brought together mid- to senior level experts from different ministries engaged in the national adaptation planning process, coming from the environment, agriculture, finance and budget sectors, as well as representatives from research institutions, NGOs, civil society and parliamentarians.
The overall objective of the training is to assist the Government of the Republic of Guinea to integrate the risks and opportunities associated with climate change into national and sectoral planning processes in the medium and long term.
The specific objectives are to:
- Improve understanding of the NAP process according to the NAP Technical Guidelines (LEG, 2012) and strengthen the capacity of technical staff on specific topics (climate information, cost-benefit analysis, integrating climate change)
- Make a preliminary inventory of the institutional framework and relevant initiatives that contribute to the development of the NAP;
- Identify gaps and needs for capacity building;
- Develop a draft roadmap for the NAP development process in Guinea.
UNITAR trainers used the Harvard Case Method to promote more effective learning and retention of ideas. The training also stimulated engagement across concerned sectors and departments of government, providing opportunities for high-level discussion, sharing of knowledge and team building.
The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) helps Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify, finance and implement appropriate medium to long term adaptation actions at national, sub-national and local levels. The NAP-GSP is a global collaborative effort led by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), with more than ten international organizations involved. The programme includes three pillars: i) institutional support; ii) technical support, and iii) knowledge brokering. UNITAR provides support to country assessments, national and regional training events, and knowledge-sharing.
Picture 1: Official opening ceremony of the NAP training workshop in the Republic of Guinea
Picture 2: Participants at the NAP sensitization workshop of Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Picture 3: Participants at the training workshop on the development of the NAP