The rapidly changing Arctic is leading to economic and governance implications worldwide. Decreasing sea ice is opening new trade routes between Asia and Europe as well as increasing natural resource extraction, environmental exploration, and tourism.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the melting glaciers, disappearing sea ice, and thawing permafrost in the Arctic have led to predominantly negative impacts, particularly on food security, water resources, water quality, infrastructure, transportation, tourism, and recreation, as well as culture of human societies, particularly for Indigenous peoples.
The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Program on Negotiation (PON) at Harvard Law School and Polar Cooperation Research Center at Kobe University will collaborate on a project supported by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Consulate-General of Japan in Boston on Enhancing International Scientific Cooperation: Arctic Science and Technology Advice with Ministries. With the coordination by the Science Diplomacy Center at EvREsearch LTD, this holistic (international, interdisciplinary and inclusive) project, consisting of three webinars, aims to help enhance international scientific cooperation by inclusively addressing inevitable questions that involve international law, ministries of nations, Indigenous peoples, and science inclusively with global relevance. In specific, this project will consider relationships and synergies between the 2017 Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation that entered into force in 2018 among the eight Arctic states and the Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM) process that began in 2016 with dialogues among Arctic and non-Arctic states as well as Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations, The Arctic will be analyzed as a global case study with science and ministerial relationships in view of climate and the grand challenges of humanity to balance national interests and common interests “for the benefit of all on Earth across generations.”
As unprecedented changes in the Arctic continue to create increasingly important global consequences, questions concerning the role of Arctic and non-Arctic States along with Indigenous peoples as well as mechanisms to facilitate enhanced international cooperation are urgently important. The holistic project on Enhancing International Scientific Cooperation: Arctic Science and Technology Advice with Ministries will facilitate an integrated dialogue to consider relationships of science and sustainable development in the Arctic with This project is structured in a series of three webinars, consisting of a plenary session and a break out session, taking place February and March 2022, namely:
Webinar 1: What is Arctic Science? (21 February 2022 – 13:00-15:30 GMT)
- How do natural sciences, social sciences and indigenous knowledge ‘fit together’ and enhance each other?
- How is science facilitated/conducted? Who is needed to do ‘the science’?
- Is international cooperation needed? If so, to what degree?
- Prof. Andrey Petrov – Associate Professor, University of Northern Iowa, US; Former President, International Arctic Social Sciences Association (IASSA).
- Mr. Henry Burgess – Head, UK Arctic Office, Vice-President, International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).
- Dr. Kirsi Latola – Vice-President Networks, University of the Arctic (UArctic), Finland; former Chair and current member of the European Polar Board.
- Hon. Mikhail Pogodaev – Vice-minister for Arctic Development and Indigenous Peoples Affairs of the Sakha Republic; Special Envoy of the Russian Chairmanship in the Arctic Council on Indigenous Peoples and Regional Cooperation; Former Chair of the World Reindeer Herders Association; Former Executive Director of the Northern Forum.
Webinar 2: How can science transform data into evidence for informed decisionmaking? (March 10, 2022 – 13:00-15:30 GMT)
- How are the decisions on what priorities are to be addressed made?
- Who are the decisionmakers?
- What evidence is needed and how is that evidence defined?
- Prof. Anne Husebekk – Professor and Former Rector, UiT | The Arctic University of Norway; Vice-President for Freedom and Responsibility in Science, International Science Council.
- Prof. Larry Hinzman – Executive Director, Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee (IARPC); Assistant Director for Polar Sciences, Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), Executive Office of the President, The White House; President, International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).
- Dr. Volker Rachold – Head of the German Arctic Office, Germany; Co-Host 2nd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM2).
Webinar 3: What international efforts/processes are needed to facilitate progress in understanding the Arctic system and its global impacts? (March 24, 2022 – 13:00-15:30 GMT)
- What are the mechanisms that exist?
- Are these mechanisms adequate?
- How could enhanced science cooperation impact other areas of international relations?
- Dr. Hiroyuki Enomoto – Vice Director-General, National Institute for Polar Research, Japan; Co-chair ASM3 Science Advisory Board, Japan; Vice-President, International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).
- Hon. Fran Ulmer – Former Lt. Governor, Alaska; Former Chair, US Arctic Research Commission; Senior Fellow, Arctic Initiative, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School.
- Amb. Anton Vasiliev – Russia's Senior Arctic Official 2008-2014; Ambassador to the Republic of Iceland 2014-2020, Deputy Director, Russian Hydrometeorological University.
- Dr. Andrey Bryksenkov – Deputy Director, Russian State Hydrometeorological University; Co-Host ASM4.
Please see the UNITAR registration website for more information on this project that originated with the 3rd ASM that was hosted in Tokyo in May 2021 by Japan and Iceland, including details about the contributing experts with background information and suggested reading. Additional information about informed decision making as the engine of science diplomacy can be found at the Science Diplomacy Center.
Webinar 1: What is Arctic Science?
Webinar 2: How can science transform data into evidence for informed decision making?
Webinar 3: What international efforts/processes are needed to facilitate progress in understanding the Arctic system and its global impacts?
- Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation.
- Berkman, P.A. 2019. Evolution of Science Diplomacy and its Local-Global Applications. European Foreign Affairs Review 24:63-79.
- Berkman, P.A. 2020a. Science Diplomacy and it Engine of Informed Decisionmaking: Operating Through Our Global Pandemic with Humanity. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 15:435-450.
- Berkman, P.A. 2020b. Chapter 6. Polar Science Diplomacy. IN: Scott, K.N. and VanderZwaag, D. (eds). Research Handbook on Polar Law. Edward Elgar, London. In press.
- Berkman, P.A., Kullerud, L., Pope, A., Vylegzhanin, A.N. and Young, O.R. The Arctic Science Agreement Propels Science Diplomacy. Science 358:596-598 (with supplementary materials).
- Berkman P.A., Vylegzhanin A.N., Young O., Balton D., Øvretveit O. (2022): Informed Decisionmaking for Sustainability. Volume 2. Building Common Interests in the Arctic Ocean with Global Inclusion. Volume 2, Springer International Publishing.
- Knowledge for a Sustainable Arctic: 3rd Arctic Science Ministerial Report, 08 – 09 May 2021, Tokyo (Japan).
- Report of the 2nd Arctic Science Ministerial: Co-Operation in Arctic Science - Challenges and Joint Actions, 25 – 26 October 2018, Berlin (Germany).
- Talloires Dialogue Team. 2018. Science Diplomacy: To 2030 and Beyond. Science Diplomacy Action Synthesis 2:1-9. [involving diplomats from Foreign Ministries of seventeen nations as co-authors from the 2nd International Dialogue on Science and Technology Advice in Foreign Ministries].
- Vienna Dialogue Team. 2017. A Global Network of Science and Technology Advice in Foreign Ministries. Science Diplomacy Action Synthesis 1:1-20. [involving diplomats from Foreign Ministries of eighteen nations as co-authors from the 1st International Dialogue on Science and Technology Advice in Foreign Ministries].
- Young, O.R., Berkman, P.A. and Vylegzhanin. (eds). 2020. Informed Decisionmaking for Sustainability. Volume 1. Governing Arctic Seas: Regional Lessons from the Bering Strait and Barents Sea. Springer, Dordrecht. 358p.