Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) is a process through which members of armed forces and groups are supported to lay down their weapons and return to civilian life. As a complex process, it comprehends political, security, social, economic and humanitarian dimensions aimed at creating an environment where a peace process, a political and social reconciliation, as well as sustainable development can take place.

To compile lessons learned from DDR programmes implemented throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, the Inter-Agency Working Group on DDR (IAWG-DDR) developed and published the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards (IDDRS) in 2006. The IDDRS have the objective to provide DDR practitioners operating in UN-mandated missions with evidence-based guidance to jump-start new DDR process. In 2017, to answer the emerging challenges faced by DDR practitioners in new conflict contexts, the IAWG made a decision to revise the IDDRS, which, thanks to the contribution of its 25 members, have been launched in November 2019. However, the IDDRS are seen as a living document, constantly updated to provide state of the art guidance to DDR practitioners.

UNITAR strategic goal in the themaic area of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) is to support national, regional and international stakeholders and practitioners through building and strengthening their capacities to implement emerging as well as traditional DDR programmes and processes in line with the international standards and guidelines, such as the UN Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards (IDDRS) and the African Union Operational Guidance Notes (OGNs). 

UNITAR is an active member of the United Nations Inter-Agency Working Group on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (IAWG-DDR) and of the Integrated DDR Training Group (IDDRTG).

In this thematic area:

"Journey for Peace and Development" - Evolution and Impact of DDR

What is inside the complex notion of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)? How has it evolved over time? What impact does DDR have on people's lives and their communities and why should international actors support and engage in DDR processes worldwide? As a member of the Inter-Agency Working Group on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (IAWG-DDR) and with the help of original video material obtained from diverse DDR contexts, UNITAR proposes you to learn more about DDR and individual journeys to peace, stability and development. The release of the video was dedicated to the Official Launch of the Revised United Nations Integrated DDR Standards on 19 November 2019.

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